Extraction of Wisdom Tooth or Teeth
A dentist or oral surgeon extracts a wisdom tooth by numbing the area surrounding the tooth. Most doctors use local anaesthesia or a mild, full-body sedation anaesthesia that seizes pain in the whole body and causes dozing off so that you cannot feel any pain during the procedure.
During tooth removal, if the tooth is impacted and has not come through the gum, the dentist must incise and move back gum tissues over the tooth. They must also remove any bone that blocks access to the tooth root and separate tissues connecting the tooth in order to extract the tooth.
What to Do After Surgery
After the surgery, you may get stitches that the dentist will later remove after you heal up. The dentist will also place a gauze cotton pad on the wound—be sure to follow directions about the gauze since it can prevent dry socket. This is a very painful condition that occurs when the blood clot that is necessary for healing becomes loosened or disintegrates and leaves the empty hole (where your tooth was) dry and unable to heal.
After the surgery, you should take pain medication as the surgeon prescribes to seize pain. For quick recovery, you should follow these tips:
- Bite softly on the gauze pad and change it often.
- Do not use a sucking straw since it may loosen the blood clot that forms.
- After one day, gently rinse your mouth with warm salt water to relieve pain and swelling. Do not use your tongue to rub the area and do not touch it with fingers.
- Feed on soft foods.
- Do not engage yourself in strenuous physical activities.
Possible Problems After Wisdom Tooth Removal
Removal of the wisdom tooth may lead to a painful inflammation, known as dry socket, when the blood clot in the socket is lost before healing occurs. Another possible outcome would be an infection in the socket from bacteria or trapped food particles. Occasionally, a wisdom tooth extraction causes damage to nearby teeth, nerves, jawbone, or sinus cavities.